Building Capacity Project
Alcohol Policy Cost-effectiveness
Briefing Notes for 22 European Countries


International evidence shows that policies that regulate the environment in which alcohol is marketed (particularly its price and availability) are effective in reducing alcohol-related harm. Restrictions on commercial marketing of alcohol, enforced legislative measures to reduce drinking and driving and individuallydirected interventions to already at-risk drinkers are also effective. By contrast, school-based education programmes are found not to reduce alcohol-related harm, although public information and education type programmes have a role in providing information, and in increasing attention and acceptance of alcohol on the political and public agendas.

These briefing notes describe which measures or strategies represent best use of society’s resources - and by how much they can reduce the harmful consequences of alcohol use – to inform alcohol policy, planning and evaluation.

The estimates are made for 22 EU Member states. Due to incomplete data, it has not been possible to make estimates for Cyrpus, Greece, Luxembourg, Malta and Romania.

Individual country notes available in pdf format below:

pdf icon smallAustria briefing notes cover

pdf icon smallDownload pdf version for all countries here
pdf icon smallBelgium
pdf icon smallBulgaria
pdf icon smallCzech Republic
pdf icon smallDenmark
pdf icon smallEstonia
pdf icon smallFinland
pdf icon smallFrance
pdf icon smallGermany
pdf icon smallHungary
pdf icon smallIreland
pdf icon smallItaly
pdf icon smallLatvia
pdf icon smallLithuania
pdf icon smallNetherlands
pdf icon smallPoland
pdf icon smallPortugal
pdf icon smallSlovakia
pdf icon smallSlovenia
pdf icon smallSpain
pdf icon smallSweden
pdf icon smallUnited Kingdom


The briefing notes were prepared by:

Dan Chisholm PhD, Department of Health System Financing, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland.

Jürgen Rehm, Ph.D., Head, Epidemiological Research Unit, Technische Universität Dresden, Klinische Psychologie & Psychotherapie, Senior Scientist and Co-Head, Section Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Ulrich Frick, PhD, Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, Feldkirchen, Austria and

Peter Anderson, MD, PhD, Independent consultant in public health, England.

The notes were prepared as part of the Building Capacity project managed by the Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Slovenia, co-financed by the European Commission (http://www.ias.org.uk/buildingcapacity/index.html). The information contained in the note does not necessarily reflect the opinion or the position of the European Commission. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on its behalf is responsible for any use that might be made of the information in the notes.

The notes were published by the Institute of Alcohol Studies, London (http://www.ias.org.uk/).

Date: September 2009

For further information, please contact: Peter Anderson - email: peteranderson.mail@gmail.com